some of the strictest animal welfare laws in the world, thanks to its ancient spiritual philosophy of ahimsa (non-harming), India teems with abandoned, neglected, and abused animals. With each litter born on the streets, canine overpopulation worsens, leading to malnutrition, untreated injuries, and the spread of diseases, including rabies, a deadly disease endemic to India. Vishaka Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (VSPCA) works to reduce the overpopulation of street dogs through its Animal Birth Control (ABC) program. In cooperation with the local government, VSPCA vaccinates against rabies and spays or neuters loose dogs. Both in the main shelter compound and in the several mobile ABC camps, VSPCA's veterinarians use sterile techniques, pre-operation pain control, gas anesthesia when possible, and post-operation pain control. VSPCA's program is one of the most advanced in India, and sterilizes an average of 40 dogs a day when operated by four veterinarians. All these dogs are vaccinated against rabies, and their ears are notched for identification and protection.